Or, WWW Addresses, Universal Document
Identifiers (UDI), Universal Resource Identifiers (URI).
1: Anchor Links
Anchor links (<a >) must have an href (hypertext reference) attribute, with the URL as its value.
<a href="http://www.domain.dom/index.html">Link Text
2: Absolute URLs
Absolute URLs include the:
- Protocol scheme (http)
- (usually) Server folder (www)
- Server host domain name (domain)
- Top-level domain hierarchy name (dom)
- (and often) Top-level domain hierarchy country name abbreviation (HN)
<a href="http://www.domain.dom.hn/">Another Site
There is no real top-level name "dom" or "hn"; they are used here as a general-purpose catch-all for the normal names (com, edu, org, gov, us, uk, de, et cetera [there's no etc name either, but just in case you might think there is, etc. is spelled out in full]).
Absolute URLs must be used when making an anchor link to a document that is not in the current site. Be sure to type them correctly, and test them afterwards.
3: Relative URLs
Relative URLs do not include the protocol or the server site names. Use only the local file structure to construct relative URLs.
From a page that is at the same hierarchical level as the folder-directory called stuff, links into the folder look like:
Most relative URLs will point to files or directories. The default file in a directory is often index.html, so
will often mean the same as
Files that are within the same directory don't need the directory in the relative URL; links on the
index.html page of the stuff directory might be:
<a href="otherstuff.html">Stuff Two
<a href="morestuff.html">Stuff Three
<a href="yetmorestuff.html">Stuff Four
4: Targeted Anchor URLs
Local anchor links can point to targets within a page, or to targets on other pages. The following source anchor points to a target anchor added to the munchfonts image on this page:
<a href="#top">Top of the Page
Target anchors use
name instead of
href. The following target anchor markup surrounds the heading for this page:
<a name="url"><h1>Uniform Resource Locators
The following source anchor points to the target anchor added to the heading for this page:
<a href="#url">Meaning of URL
Source anchors use the
# number sign before the name, to mark the link as a local or partial URL. Targeted anchor links use the name only, with no
# number sign.